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Linux(Ubuntu)下Mysql5.6.28安装配置方法图文教程

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mysql5.6.28安装配置方法

1.系统基本信息查看,尝试yum安装

  1. $ sudo -s
  2. # df -lh
  3. Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
  4. /dev/vda1 79G 1.6G 74G 3% /
  5. udev 3.9G 8.0K 3.9G 1% /dev
  6. tmpfs 799M 252K 799M 1% /run
  7. none 5.0M 0 5.0M 0% /run/lock
  8. none 3.9G 0 3.9G 0% /run/shm
  9. # uname -a
  10. Linux nj01 3.16.0-34-generic #47~14.04.1-Ubuntu SMP Fri Apr 10 17:49:16 UTC 2015 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
  11.  
  12. # rpm -qa|grep yum
  13. The program 'rpm' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing:
  14. apt-get install rpm
  15. # apt-get install rpm
  16. ……
  17. # rpm -qa|grep yum
  18. # yum install
  19. The program 'yum' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing:
  20. apt-get install yum
  21. # apt-get install yum
  22. ……
  23. # yum install mysql
  24. Setting up Install Process
  25. No package mysql available.
  26. Nothing to do
  27.  

2.更换安装方式

# apt-get install mysql-server
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree      
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
  libdbd-mysql-perl libdbi-perl libhtml-template-perl libmysqlclient18 libnet-daemon-perl libplrpc-perl libterm-readkey-perl mysql-client-5.5
  mysql-client-core-5.5 mysql-common mysql-server-5.5 mysql-server-core-5.5
Suggested packages:
  libipc-sharedcache-perl tinyca mailx
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  libdbd-mysql-perl libdbi-perl libhtml-template-perl libmysqlclient18 libnet-daemon-perl libplrpc-perl libterm-readkey-perl mysql-client-5.5
  mysql-client-core-5.5 mysql-common mysql-server mysql-server-5.5 mysql-server-core-5.5
0 upgraded, 13 newly installed, 0 to remove and 15 not upgraded.
Need to get 27.6 MB of archives.
After this operation, 98.2 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y
Get:1 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main mysql-common all 5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1 [12.6 kB]
Get:2 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main libmysqlclient18 amd64 5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1 [952 kB]
Get:3 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise/main libnet-daemon-perl all 0.48-1 [43.1 kB]
Get:4 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise/main libplrpc-perl all 0.2020-2 [36.0 kB]
Get:5 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise/main libdbi-perl amd64 1.616-1build2 [849 kB]
Get:6 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise/main libdbd-mysql-perl amd64 4.020-1build2 [106 kB]
Get:7 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main mysql-client-core-5.5 amd64 5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1 [1,948 kB]
Get:8 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise/main libterm-readkey-perl amd64 2.30-4build3 [28.6 kB]
Get:9 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main mysql-client-5.5 amd64 5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1 [8,365 kB]
Get:10 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main mysql-server-core-5.5 amd64 5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1 [6,327 kB]
Get:11 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main mysql-server-5.5 amd64 5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1 [8,855 kB]
Get:12 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise/main libhtml-template-perl all 2.10-1 [65.0 kB]
Get:13 http://apt.wmcloud.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main mysql-server all 5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1 [10.8 kB]
Fetched 27.6 MB in 0s (38.2 MB/s)   
Preconfiguring packages ...
Selecting previously unselected package mysql-common.
(Reading database ... 77501 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking mysql-common (from .../mysql-common_5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1_all.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libmysqlclient18.
Unpacking libmysqlclient18 (from .../libmysqlclient18_5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libnet-daemon-perl.
Unpacking libnet-daemon-perl (from .../libnet-daemon-perl_0.48-1_all.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libplrpc-perl.
Unpacking libplrpc-perl (from .../libplrpc-perl_0.2020-2_all.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libdbi-perl.
Unpacking libdbi-perl (from .../libdbi-perl_1.616-1build2_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libdbd-mysql-perl.
Unpacking libdbd-mysql-perl (from .../libdbd-mysql-perl_4.020-1build2_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package mysql-client-core-5.5.
Unpacking mysql-client-core-5.5 (from .../mysql-client-core-5.5_5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libterm-readkey-perl.
Unpacking libterm-readkey-perl (from .../libterm-readkey-perl_2.30-4build3_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package mysql-client-5.5.
Unpacking mysql-client-5.5 (from .../mysql-client-5.5_5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package mysql-server-core-5.5.
Unpacking mysql-server-core-5.5 (from .../mysql-server-core-5.5_5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1_amd64.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Setting up mysql-common (5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package mysql-server-5.5.
(Reading database ... 77879 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking mysql-server-5.5 (from .../mysql-server-5.5_5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libhtml-template-perl.
Unpacking libhtml-template-perl (from .../libhtml-template-perl_2.10-1_all.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package mysql-server.
Unpacking mysql-server (from .../mysql-server_5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1_all.deb) ...
Processing triggers for ureadahead ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Setting up libmysqlclient18 (5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1) ...
Setting up libnet-daemon-perl (0.48-1) ...
Setting up libplrpc-perl (0.2020-2) ...
Setting up libdbi-perl (1.616-1build2) ...
Setting up libdbd-mysql-perl (4.020-1build2) ...
Setting up mysql-client-core-5.5 (5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1) ...
Setting up libterm-readkey-perl (2.30-4build3) ...
Setting up mysql-client-5.5 (5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1) ...
Setting up mysql-server-core-5.5 (5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1) ...
Setting up mysql-server-5.5 (5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1) ...
160928 10:56:48 [Warning] Using unique option prefix key_buffer instead of key_buffer_size is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. Please use the full name instead.
160928 10:56:48 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld (mysqld 5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1) starting as process 6166 ...
mysql start/running, process 6304
Setting up libhtml-template-perl (2.10-1) ...
Setting up mysql-server (5.5.52-0ubuntu0.12.04.1) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place

安装过程中输入root的密码即可;

3.安装成功,基本配置

  1. mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' identified by '******';
  2. Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
  3.  
  4. mysql>
  5. mysql>
  6. mysql>
  7. mysql>
  8. mysql>
  9. mysql> create database testdb;
  10. Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)
  11.  
  12. mysql>
  13. mysql>
  14. mysql>
  15. mysql>
  16. mysql> show databases;
  17. +--------------------+
  18. | Database |
  19. +--------------------+
  20. | information_schema |
  21. | mysql |
  22. | testdb |
  23. | performance_schema |
  24. +--------------------+
  25. 4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
  26.  
  27. mysql> insert into mysql.user(Host,User,Password) values("%","test",password("******"));
  28. Query OK, 1 row affected, 3 warnings (0.00 sec)
  29.  
  30. mysql>
  31. mysql> flush privileges;
  32. Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
  33.  
  34. mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON testdb.* TO 'test'@'% identified by '******';
  35. Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
  36.  
  37. mysql> flush privileges;
  38. Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
  39.  

4.问题解决

(1)访问报错,网络连接报错:10038 ,telnet 不通
S1.关闭防火墙 # ufw allow 3306 ,还是不行
S2.用户网络权限已经给了(rant all privileges on . to ‘root'@'%' identified by ‘youpassword' with grant option;)
S3.查看网路信息 # netstat -ano
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:3306
应该是绑定IP问题,修改/etc/MySQL/my.conf
找到bind-address = 127.0.0.1这一行
改为bind-address = 0.0.0.0,问题解决。
(2)表区分大小写:
用root帐号登录后,在/etc/my.cnf 中的[mysqld]后添加添加lower_case_table_names=1,重启MYSQL服务,这时已设置成功:不区分表名的大小写;
lower_case_table_names参数详解:
lower_case_table_names = 0
其中 0:区分大小写,1:不区分大小写

5.基本服务命令

  1. # 启动MySQL$ sudo service mysql start
  2. # 关闭MySQL$ sudo service mysql stop
  3. # 重启MySQL$ sudo service mysql restart
  4. # 其他命令:$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql start
  5. $ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop
  6. $ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart
  7.  

6.卸载Mysql:

  1. sudo apt-get autoremove mysql* --purge
  2. sudo apt-get remove apparmor
  3. sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-common
  4.  

卸载后删除mysql相关文件(/var/lib/mysql , /etc/mysql等等,可以用 find -name mysql 查询下相关路径)

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持我们。

标签: Linux Ubuntu sql 安装 配置 方法 教程